After the disruption of the Hungarian Kingdom, the formation of the autonomous principality of Transylvania was started after 1542. In the second half of the XVI century, the Basa and the Mikes families took possession of a large number of serfs. During the period of the principality, both families played a significant role in the political and social life of Transylvania. The members of the Mikes family took an active part in the freedom fights led by Imre Thököly and Ferenc Rákóczi II. at the turn of the XVII and XVIII centuries.
In the XVIII century, Transylvania and the Székely land got under the control of the Hapsburg Empire. The Austrian authorities forcibly organised the border guard service on the Székely land in 1764, which fundamentally contravened the earlier feudal self-government of the Székely communities. The people of Zabola also took part in the revolt of Madéfalva to protest against this act in 1764. After this movement was defeated, many people from our village fled to Moldavia.
Several young people from the village fought in the battles of the 1948– 1949 revolution and freedom fight. After the compromise of 1867, Zabola also embarked upon the fast road of bourgeois development in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. A railway line was constructed, sawmills were created, the land area of the village was distributed, and several civil societies were formed. The Mikes family had a major role in the development of the village until the middle of the XX century. They set a social, economic and intellectual model to be followed for centuries by the local and neighbouring villages.